湘西翻译公司关键字：Fourth, the gradual elimination of all forms for different companies on tax, financing, exit and other areas of discrimination, freedom of assets combined with the freedom of mergers between companies.
Fifth, strengthen the construction of the rule of law to achieve justice for all kinds of fraud, infringement of rights abuse and other illegal acts punishable by law; present, in particular, to increase law enforcement efforts.
Sixth, we must pay close attention to the market place the process of ecological damage, environmental pollution, and through legal means to solve these problems. Speed ??up the process of the market for western region development. As long as the local government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 can provide a fully free and equal competition, moderate taxes, legal solemn environment, you can achieve the steady socio-economic专业翻译公司服务最好的 development.
(C) to strengthen ecological protection and construction of the legislation to encourage afforestation.Ecological problems in the western region has aroused great concern. Ministry of Finance has been used for ecological protection and construction this year, spending from 70 billion to $ 12 billion, and total spending plan in five years 110 billion yuan to support the western ecological protection and construction, which undoubtedly reflects the central government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 the degree of attention to this problem. Western ecological protection and construction of the necessity and urgency of need to say, the Yangtze River floods, the Yellow River, and so did not dare dust wreak havoc with the ecological deterioration of the western region are closely related. Data indicate that land desertification in China reached 2.622 million square kilometers, accounting for 27.3% of land area. While the western region of the ecological degradation and climate, population and other natural factors, but deforestation, overgrazing, deforestation, land clearing and other human activities, it is the main reason leading to environmental degradation. Therefore, returning farmland to forest (grassland), green hills, closed forest, etc., may well be highly targeted strategies and measures.
Obviously, the above is merely a remedial measure, the prevention of future things; whether these measures can improve the ecological environment to play a lasting effect, is still a variable. China's afforestation campaign carried out for many years, "Three North" shelter forest construction in large-scale, but always keep up with the pace of ecological land desertification speed. So far, the area of ??desertification land in China is still increasing at a rate year 2460 km2. Therefore, to fundamentally solve the ecological problems the west, we must first understand the behavior of ecological damage occurs the moment. In fact, the problem is not difficult to understand in terms of operating autonomy and rational self-interest to be recognized after the land, mountains, grasslands and other natural resources, property rights system (definition of property rights and transfer) are not matched, compatible . When a group of self-interest of people to the common use of a scarce public resources, this resource will eventually be depleted, this mechanism almost become a common sense of modern economic专业翻译公司服务最好的s. How, when you see the neighbor's goats on the hillside in the collective-owned bite to eat grass and trees and not to impose severe punishment, how can this farmer's sheep safely to their own circle and not in the hospital plus follow it? Destruction of vegetation and grassland degradation is exactly the crux. Therefore, if there is no corresponding system for protection of property rights, whether returning farmland to forest or pasture rehabilitation, the effect is likely to be short-lived, except in certain high-cost conditions imposed by coercion and control. From the above analysis is not difficult to export, the optimal allocation of scarce resources and the use of private property rights is a prerequisite for institutional arrangements. Ningxia southern mountainous areas of long-term private cellar there is a reasonable example of a strong (Cao Yuan Zheng, Zhou Lan, 2000).
Must be pointed out, the contract system of private property rights but a simulation. If the indefinite extension of the contract period, the two can be the same. Therefore, the contract system simulation depends on the true length of the contract period. This is why the contract period be extended to forest for 30 years or 70 years. However, after all, not private contractors, have been very long growing season of trees. When the contractor found that forest land can not pass from generation to generation as a property, the contract system, the inherent short-term behavior will appear. So, faced with large tracts of western land desertification, through legislation to establish a de facto private property rights arrangements, we certainly should not be considered not Guangxia desertification land in profitable development to give appreciation, but requires each were able to plant trees profit, is clearly unrealistic. Ecological effects has the public welfare and externalities, the need for tree planting subsidies were to be appropriate, which can generate enough incentive. State, every acre of returning farmland to forest, 300 pounds of food subsidies, for seven years, is a correct way, but how much to fill it. Now the practice is fully operational by the government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 and government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 action: National Forest areas transferred to the food, all levels of government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 officials, returning farmland to forest situation by the next escalation, subsidies allocated by the food on one level. Thus, in the case of serious asymmetry of information, the occurrence of a large number of grass-roots officials and farmers' conspiracy to defraud the higher things: Grain subsidies took, to still the species. Why not do another idea for a policy专业翻译公司收费价格?
For example, the establishment of an intermediary organization by the private sector, like many developing countries, non-profit institutions engaged in microfinance. government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司, through the auction of the concession or financial discount loans, the lending food for returning farmland to forests to such intermediaries, intermediary institutions and the commercial farmers signed contracts for the implementation of returning farmland to forest. Thus, the establishment of the aforementioned administrative and operating a completely different institutional framework. Farmers face a business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好, not a grass-roots officials, business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 reputation, constraints on their formation would not go to deceive each other, otherwise, would be breach of sanctions by the local community, the public condemnation and moral constraints. government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 agency is also easy to carry out the supervision and more secure. First, change the evaluation criteria, survival from the farmland area into a forest area. Secondly, there is law and achievements, the government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 can avoid the interest and even less the principal amount recovered or not recovered, a form of encouragement. For the illegal business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 and not returning farmland to forests, can revoke its business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 license, and then given to sanctions. Again, for breach of contract farmers have the means to deal with the government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司. This business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 model set of returning farmland to forests will gradually form. government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 will be made from the Grain huge social, intermediary organizations will be in the business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 to grow up and become an important market in rural areas the main and important economic专业翻译公司服务最好的 power, the rural market system also will be established and developed, Farmers will also operate with trees to build new relationships of intermediary organizations, the new concept will be set up in rural areas, government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 reform and government政府许可的定点正规翻译公司 action will be standardized. At the same time, relying on intermediary organizations, the establishment and development activities can be further timber market, making the business专业英语翻译公司科技文件翻译哪里最好 really took to the forest road of the market. Western development will also serve as a catalyst to stimulate in-depth reform and go down in history!